How does this ADDERALL work? What are its effects ?
Amphetamine belongs to the family of medications called stimulants. It helps increase the attention
Each clear, blue, sustained-release capsule, imprinted ”
ADDERALL is the pharmaceutical trade name of a psychostimulant or sympathomimetic amine consisting of a combination of four amphetamine salts.
The risk of developing dependence is negligible when ADDERALL is used as part of a prescription at relatively low daily doses, the illicit use of the product carries a much higher risk of serious adverse effects: hypertension, psychosis, panic attack, tachycardia.
Adderall is a prescription medication that contains two stimulant drugs: amphetamine and dextroamphetamine.
Stimulant drugs increase the activity of certain brain chemicals.
Adderall is available as either an oral tablet under the brand name Adderall or an extended-release oral tablet under the brand name Adderall XR.
. Dopamine is a brain chemical that plays an important role in movement, motivation, and attention.
Adderall increases the availability of dopamine in the brain, helping alleviate ADHD symptoms.
Narcolepsy is a chronic sleep disorder that causes the following symptoms:
- excessive daytime sleepiness
- leep attacks, in which a person experiences sudden aralysis
- disrupted nighttime sleep
- excessive daytime sleepiness
- cataplexy, or sudden muscle weakness that occurs in response to strong emotion
Narcolepsy may stem from the death of a particular type of brain cell. These cells produce the chemical hypocretin, which is essential for regulating the sleeping and waking cycle.
Stimulant medications, such as Adderall, boost the levels of a brain chemical called norepinephrine, which helps promote wakefulness.
Taking stimulants at the start of the day can promote daytime wakefulness, which may also help a person sleep better at night.
Common side effects of Adderall include:
- difficulty sleeping
- decreased appetite
Children taking stimulant medications such as Adderall may also experience:
- temporarily delayed growth
- moodiness and irritability
In some cases, Adderall may cause more serious side effects. People should phone a doctor right away if they notice the following symptoms in themselves or a child in their care while taking Adderall:
- shortness of breath
- cognitive impairments
- delusional thinking
- racing thoughts
People who feel as though they are experiencing a medical emergency should phone 911 or the emergency number in their area.
The risk of serious side effects is higher among people with certain preexisting medical conditions, such as:
- heart problems or heart defects
- recent use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors
- an allergy or hypersensitivity to stimulant drugs
It is possible that infants who have exposure to amphetamines during gestation are at increased risk of:
As the body excretes amphetamines in breast milk, people who take these drugs should avoid breastfeeding and talk to a doctor about either changing medications or using formula.
Infants who ingest amphetamines through breast milk may experience side effects.
Long-term use of prescription stimulants such as Adderall can lead to tolerance, which is when a person needs increasing amounts of a drug for it to be effective.
In some cases, people who take large doses of Adderall for an extended period may become physically dependent on the drug. They might experience withdrawal symptoms when they stop taking the drug.
The dosage depends on which condition Adderall is treating and the age of the person taking it.
For dosage of Adderall is 5 mg once or twice per day. If necessary, a doctor may then increase the daily dose by 5 mg at weekly intervals.
As a treatment for narcolepsy
Although it is rare, narcolepsy can sometimes occur in children under the age of 12 years.
If Adderall is ineffective or causes intolerable side effects, a doctor may recommend a different medication.